Tennessee CDL study guide!

The idea of being able to operate larger commercial vehicles can only be granted to those who are can pass the CDL exam since they require a special set of knowledge and skills. But before anything else, you must first know a few details that our Tennessee CDL study guide would provide about the process from signing up, its cost, as well as what to expect.

The idea of being able to operate larger commercial vehicles can only be granted to those who are can pass the CDL exam since they require a special set of knowledge and skills. But before anything else, you must first know a few details that our Tennessee CDL study guide would provide about the process from signing up, its cost, as well as what to expect. Once you’re ready, contact your local DMV to schedule an appointment.

Tennessee CDL study guide

 

Firstly, the following are Federal endorsements: H, N, P, S, T, and X even though only P, S, and N endorsements are recognized by the Tennessee CLP. With that said, Tennessee holders with “P” endorsement are not allowed to operate a CMV that transports passengers, “S” endorsement Tennessee holders are prohibited from school bus operation, and “N” endorsement Tennessee holders can only operate empty tank vehicles and banned from driving tanks previously carrying hazardous materials.

  • H (Knowledge test only) – hazardous materials
  • N (Knowledge test only) – tank vehicle
  • P (Knowledge and skills test) – passenger
  • S (Knowledge and skills test) – school bus operation
  • T (Knowledge test only) – double and triple trailers
  • W (Knowledge and skills test) – tow truck (written test if in New York)
  • X (Knowledge test only) – transportation of tank vehicle and hazardous material

 

CDL Classifications

For anybody to be allowed to drive a commercial vehicle in Tennessee, individuals must earn their commercial driver’s license. Only vehicles such as tanker vehicles, double and triple trailers, passenger vehicles, and vehicles carrying materials that are found to be hazardous require endorsements.

  • Class A License – this type of license allows an individual to drive any combination vehicles with a GCWR (Gross Combination Weight Rating) of 26,000 pounds or more and a GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) or towing capacity exceeding 10,000 pounds. Any driver holding a Class A license as long as supplemented by appropriate endorsements can be allowed to operate Class B, C, and D vehicles. Drivers may operate truck and trailer combo, tractor-trailers, tanker vehicles, double and triple trailers, livestock carriers, flatbeds among others to which drivers must present appropriate endorsements based on the capacity of the loads each vehicle could carry.
  • Class B License – holders can drive single or combination vehicles with a GCWR of 26,000 pounds or more and with a towing capacity not exceeding a GVWR of 10,000 pounds. Any driver holding a Class B license as long as supplemented by appropriate endorsements can be allowed to operate Class C and D vehicles. Drivers may operate box trucks (such as appliance & furniture delivery services and couriers), straight trucks, dump trucks, and buses (city buses, tourist buses, and school buses).
  • Class C License – holders that are neither Class A nor Class B but are designed to transport at least a minimum of 16 passengers inclusive of the driver or used to transport hazardous materials as stated in the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act.
  • Class D License – holders that only transport private passengers

Tennessee CDL study guide

 

CDL Requirements in Tennessee

When applying for the Tennessee CDL test, applicants must be of 18 years of age to be allowed to drive within Texas and at least 21 years of age to either transport hazardous materials and drive interstate.

Just like any other state, review the respective state Tennessee CDL requirement first. To qualify for the Commercial Instruction Permit, applicants must have a valid DOT medical card, which is also the same if you are a government employee before they will be granted to participate in the test and proceed with the CDL application process. They must also present the following documents to the local Department of Motor Vehicles for application. So meeting all of the following requirements based on the Tennessee CDL study guide is the very first step to obtain a CDL:

  • Medical Card (current and updated)
  • Proof of US citizenship
  • Proof of identity (valid Driver License or any other ID’s issued by the state)
  • Social Security Card and Number
  • Proof of Tennessee Residency (at least two)

Listed below are some of the acceptable forms of identification that can be used when applying for the Tennessee CDL test:

  • US Passport
  • Birth Certificate
  • Social Security Card (Social Security Number will do)
  • Tennessee driver’s license
  • If transferring from a different state, another state’s license should be provided

 

CDL Cost and payment options in Tennessee

While there are a variety of fees involved, it all depends on the type of application and license class you plan to take. All in all, it would roughly cost about $27 to $73 but is still subject to change.

 

CDL Testing in Tennessee

In the next part, this Tennessee CDL study guide would provide a testing process of Tennessee CDL.

Applicants must pass the two types of tests offered namely the CDL Knowledge test and CDL Road Skills Test scheduled by the local Commercial Driver License Road Skills Test.

  • To be able to get a Commercial Learner’s Permit, applicants must pass the CDL knowledge test that comprises general knowledge topics as well as endorsements related to the CDL license being applied for.
  • CDL Road Skills Test can only be conducted after passing and completing the knowledge test, which comprises of three sections: the Pre-Trip inspection, Basic Vehicle Control, and the Road Test. First, applicants will be asked by the examiner to do a full vehicle walk-around to check the driver’s knowledge of vehicle components followed by the starting, stopping, backing up, parking, and lane changing. Lastly, the applicant should present an unexpired valid driver’s license and CLP before proceeding to a road test which is done on streets for the applicant’s on-hand demonstration towards different traffic situations as well as knowledge of turns and the basic traffic signs.

Applicants are required to pass their physical examination done every two years to be able to acquire their CDL. They must also possess good eyesight which means having 20/40 vision in each eye with or without the use of contact lenses or glasses. Lastly, drivers should have good hearing and be able to distinguish colors.

Tennessee CDL study guide

 

Now that you are familiar with the different facts and information, start looking for your local DMV to get yourself started with the CDL training immediately. Be sure to check out the different reviews first to ensure yourself that you’ll be going to the right truck driver school, there will surely be job opportunities up for grabs for you once you completed training.

Let’s make Tennessee CDL is much easier to earn by our detailed Tennessee CDL study guide and one of the best CDL prep tests!

CDL Hazmat endorsement study guide

The purpose of this Hazmat endorsement study guide is to help you gain the necessary knowledge for the coming HazMat endorsement test, and suggest how to take the practice test in the most efficient way.

Hazmat endorsement study guide

All drivers of Commercial Motor Vehicles (CMV) are required to earn a Commercial Driver License (CDL). Although HazMat endorsement is not actually mandatory for any CDL holders, you will definitely need it in the near future if you want to advance your career.

Performance on the CDL HazMat test can have a significant impact on professional commercial driver’s income and careers

The purpose of this Hazmat endorsement study guide is to help you gain the necessary knowledge for the coming HazMat endorsement test, and suggest how to take the practice test in the most efficient way.

 

1. CDL HAZMAT ENDORSEMENT TEST OVERVIEW

First, this HazMat endorsement study guide is designed to give you the best overview of the CDL HazMat endorsement test, in order to help you pass the test more easily. The CDL Hazardous Material Test is a test taken by commercial tank drivers in order to obtain their Hazardous Materials (HazMat) endorsement for their commercial driver’s license (CDL). This test is designed to ensure that hazardous materials are transported using the highest safety standards.

This endorsement allows their holders to transport materials that have been considered “hazardous” according to government regulations, including:

  • Gas.
  • Explosives.
  • Flammable or Combustible Liquids.
  • Any other materials that might cause harm.

Note: The format, length, and requirements of the CDL HazMat endorsement test may a little differ according to the state where you live.

 

2. REQUIREMENTS

Hazmat endorsement study guide

Every kind of study guide for every test always provides requirements of the test for the applicants. HazMat endorsement study guide is not an exception.

Meeting all of the following requirements is the very first step to obtain a H endorsement:

  • Must be 21 years of age or more.
  • Be a U.S. citizen or legal permanent resident.
  • Have held a valid commercial learner’s permit (CLP) and/or a temporary license or Employment Authorization Document to earn a hazardous material endorsement or a valid CDL.
  • Pass a HazMat knowledge exam.
  • Undergo a required Federal Security Threat Assessment (well-known as TSA: background check).

 

3. STEPS REQUIRED FOR CDL HAZMAT APPLICATION AND TEST ADMINISTRATION

Due to the safety implications of transporting hazardous materials, obtaining your CDL H endorsement is a detailed process including several steps before you can even qualify to test for it. 

There are also steps to be taken after administration of the exam, so make sure to be thorough.

In addition, an indispensable part of every study guide is detailed and required step by step to apply, so you will need to complete the following, and each step is a process so be prepared.

Note: Be sure to complete these steps thoroughly and correctly. You will be required to submit original or certified copies of state-issued identification, social security card, or birth certificate. You also have to have your photograph and fingerprints taken and be on your way. You must have a criminal check as well. 

In addition, you have to pay around $30 – $40 for a HazMat endorsement and $87 for TSA. However, this price can be different depending on state charges and whether you need to obtain, update or renew.  

Hazmat endorsement study guide

Step 1: Complete a “Hazardous Materials Endorsement” application. This can be complete either through your state’s DMV or TSA themselves, depending on which is required in your state

Step 2: Once you have completed your endorsement application, then you must pass a medical screening. It is for obtaining your Department of Transportation Medical Card.

Step 3: Now, you may schedule a visit to your closest authorized application center and take your CDL hazmat test. (Note: passing this test is NOT the final step).

Step 4: Upon passing the CDL Hazmat test, you are then required to submit to a TSA Background Security Clearance. This is a requirement for your H Endorsement, which is also a requirement for all kinds of obtaining CDL hazmat endorsement, including adding, renewing, and transferring the endorsement. 

For the most part, you can register for this screening directly through the TSA website, unless you are one of the residents of the following states, which will need you to register through their DMV first: Florida, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin

Step 5: Upon completion of the entire process, you have to wait for TSA to send an official notice of completion to you as well as your state. Once the state receives the copy, you will then obtain your hazmat endorsement

Remember that while the entire process in our HazMat Endorsement study guide is extensive, none of the efforts matters if you do not pass your CDL HAZMAT Endorsement Test. So, be sure to practice with reliable CDL prep resources.

Read more >> H endorsement cost in the U.S state

 

4. HOW MANY QUESTIONS ARE ON THE HAZMAT ENDORSEMENT TEST?

 

cdl hazmat endorsement study guide

The CDL Hazmat test is usually made up of 30 items of the total question, although this may differ depending on your state in which you live. Generally, to pass your CDL Hazmat test, you’ll need to receive a score of at least 80%. This score correlates to 24 correct answers or more.

These questions will test your knowledge on various aspects of safe transportation and handling of hazardous materials, including:

  • Reasons for the Regulations
  • Bulk Tank Marking, Loading, Unloading
  • Your Responsibilities as a Hazmat Driver
  • Driving and Parking Regulations
  • Rules Pertaining to Communications
  • Emergency Situations
  • Safe Loading and Unloading

Note: The HazMat endorsement test is the most difficult written test so far. The HazMat test is usually attempted last—after all other written tests are passed.

 

5. CDL HAZMAT TEST SCORES

You will not receive the actual score you earned on your HazMat test. You will only be notified of whether you did or did not pass your CDL hazmat endorsement test once you have completed all requirements.

Typically, most states require a passing score of 80% in order to grant a CDL hazmat endorsement (assuming completion of additional requirements). This means that individuals must have at least 24 correct answers on the typical 30 question test. 

 

6. CDL HAZMAT PRACTICE TESTS

It is important to learn from a study guide is to use the appropriate hazmat practice test for each endorsement as well as the CDL HazMat endorsement itself.

And we have to say our HazMat endorsement study guide is one of the most detailed ones and our FREE CDL prep tests, including questions for the Hazmat endorsement test, which are based on the official CDL manual that has been checked carefully by our most brilliant minds before publishing, would be very useful for you!

CDL H endorsement study guide

The HazMat Endorsement is extremely important because it relates to the safety of not only the driver but also every other driver on the road as well. Earning a CDL Hazmat endorsement ensures that you are fully qualified and prepared to deal with potential danger. This not only protects you but also the company you work for, as well as the general public should a situation arise.

In addition, a driver who does not have a hazmat endorsement on their CDL is severely limited in the items they might transport and might often miss out on employment opportunities as a result. You definitely do not want to see this happens. 

So, that’s the reason why this detailed HazMat endorsement study guide was made for you. It would definitely be useful for you. Click HERE to take our CDL Hazmat practice tests now to get 100% ready for your coming big day!

If you want to find more comprehensive support, please contact us via abc.elearningapps@gmail.com

KNOW MORE ABOUT H ENDORSEMENT TO EARN IT EASILY

In this article, you will see all information you need to know about H endorsement as well as find the proper practice tests for the license you need. Check it out!

 

H Endorsement

Obtaining a commercial driver’s license (CDL) is the first step towards a flourishing career as a truck driver. But to advance your career, proper endorsements should be earned and restrictions should be removed. 

All commercial passenger vehicle drivers need a HazMat endorsement on CDL. H endorsement is also necessary for anyone wanting to hold a commercial passenger vehicle identity (CPVID) card.

So, whether you have a CDL Class A, Class B, or Class C, it’s important to know about the H endorsement and restrictions you may face.

 

1. What is H endorsement?

HazMat (H) stands for Hazardous Material: an H endorsement is required if the driven vehicle is transporting hazardous materials which are placarded, such as flammable and combustible liquids, gases, or other explosives.

The HazMat endorsement can be added to CDL Class A, B, or C.

 

2. Why is H endorsement on CDL so hard?

Hazmat or hazardous materials are products that pose a risk to health, safety, and property during transportation. 

Because transporting Hazmat can cause certain danger, so it’s necessary if requirements for an H endorsement that allows a driver to operate safely and carefully a vehicle transporting hazardous, dangerous materials are not easy to achieve.

2.1. Basic requirements when applying H endorsement

To apply for an H endorsement on CDL, you need to meet all of the following basic conditions:

  • Must be at least 21 years of age
  • Be a U.S citizen, legal permanent resident
  • Have held a valid commercial learner’s permit (CLP) and/or a temporary license or Employment Authorization Document to earn a hazardous material endorsement or a valid CDL.
  • Pass a knowledge test for H endorsement
  • Undergoing a Federal Security Threat Assessment (background check) is required for any drivers whether intending to obtain, renew or transfer a hazardous materials endorsement on a state-issued commercial driver’s license.

2.2. Retaking the H endorsement

H Endorsement

If you, unfortunately, fail the CDL HazMat test for the first time, you can retake the test as many times as needed until you can achieve a passing score of 80% at least.

You need to pay to take the test each time you retake.

2.3. What is the knowledge you’ll face?

It’s a huge knowledge you need to face in order to obtain an H endorsement.

An H endorsement license will expire no more than 5 years after the date the TSA was completed. Drivers who already hold a H endorsement license will receive a “Hazardous Material Recertification Note” before their CDL expiration date, along with the Application for Security Threat Assessment (TSA). This notice should be taken with you when you go to obtain the H endorsement renewal

You must do the recertification test at least 30 days before your license expires in order to maintain continuous H endorsement.

All drivers who renew, transfer, or apply for the first time must pass the following requirements in order to obtain an H endorsement on CDL.

Knowledge exam: The driver must pass the 30-question HAZMAT written test to add the H endorsement on CDL (need 24 correct answers).

A background check (TSA) includes fingerprinting and criminal background check (Criminal background check: You can’t apply if you hold a learner or temporary driver license, or if you’re subject to an alcohol ignition lock condition).

Note

Hazmat training isn’t a one-and-done kind of thing. According to U.S. DOT hazmat training requirements, drivers are required to undergo hazmat training and testing once every three years. That includes drivers being employed in the hazmat industry for years.

Steps to add the Hazardous Material Endorsement (HME):

  • Take and pass the H endorsement theory test at a driver exam station.
  • Apply for or renew the CDL at a full-service exam station or driver’s license renewal office.
  • Complete a Security Threat Assessment application.
  • Submit fingerprints

 

3. Is the H endorsement worth having?

H Endorsement

There is a fact that the hazmat industry gives all commercial drivers a potential opportunity to develop their driving careers. It’s obvious that having CDL endorsements, specifically, H endorsement allows a driver to have more career flexibility.

3.1 How much does it cost to get H endorsement?

A CDL with HazMat endorsement costs around $100 when H endorsement renewal/transferring only costs around $30 – $40.

And a Security Threat Assessment (STA) will cost you around $87, in addition.

However, this price can be different, which depends on fees, state charges, and whether you need to obtain or update/renew.

3.2 How much does a CDL driver Hazmat earn?

The average Hazmat Tanker Driver salary in the United States is $63,145 per year as of February 2021, but the salary range typically falls between $55,758 and $72,406 per year.

Salary ranges can vary widely depending on many important factors, including education, certifications, additional skills, and the number of years you have spent in your profession.

 

4. Hazmat endorsement threat assessment program

The TSA Hazardous Materials Endorsement Threat Assessment Program conducts a security threat assessment for any individual who plans to obtain, renew, or transfer a hazardous materials endorsement (HME) on a state-issued commercial driver’s license (CDL).

The program was implemented to meet the legal requirements of the USA, which prohibits issuing a license to transport hazardous materials in commerce unless a determination has been made that the driver does not pose a security risk.

The Act further requires that the risk assessment include checks of criminal history records, legal status, and relevant international databases.

If you want to add, renew, or transfer a HazMat endorsement on your CDL, you must apply for a security threat assessment. TSA rules require you to begin applying for the security threat assessment at least 30 days before the expiration of your CDL.

4.1 Filling out an application

H Endorsement

The first thing you need to do to begin applying is filling out an application form.

You must complete this form and the background check before going to a fingerprinting location. Don’t sign the application until you are at the fingerprinting site because the signature must be witnessed. 

4.2 Getting fingerprinted 

H Endorsement

After filling the application form, you must submit your fingerprints at an authorized collection site or any TSA location. These services are unavailable on state holidays.

You must show two forms of identification, such as your driver’s license and DOT medical card.

The TSA will mail the results of the fingerprint assessment to you normally within 30 days. Once you receive your notification in your mailbox, you are eligible to apply for the endorsement at the DMV.

4.3. Security Threat Assessment (TSA)

The Security Threat Assessment Program involves checking criminal history records, immigration records, and other federal agency records, on any individuals who wish to apply for, renew or transfer an H endorsement.

TSA is conducting name-based checks on all drivers who currently hold an H endorsement to identify drivers who present a security threat to the national transportation system.

In other words, the TSA summarizes the federal requirements including fingerprinting, background checks, appeals, and waiver information. 

TSA is responsible for the assessment and subsequent approval or denial/revocation of the HazMat endorsement based on the background check and fingerprint-based criminal record check.

Procedures: You must complete a Security Threat Assessment Application before submitting your fingerprints at an authorized collection site.

4.4 Status (Citizenship and Immigration Status)

Pursuant to federal requirements, H endorsement applicants must have U.S. Citizenship or Permanent Resident Alien status to be eligible to earn a new, renewal, or transfer HazMat endorsement.

While it might seem that an endorsement isn’t needed now, knowing more about such a useful endorsement as H endorsement is actually important to a truck driver.

And last but not least, our FREE CDL prep test, including questions for the H endorsement theory test, which are based on the official CDL manual that has been checked carefully by our most brilliant minds before publishing, would be very useful for you!

Let’s make H endorsement much easier to earn!

If you want to find more comprehensive support, please contact us via abc.elearningapps@gmail.com

California CDL study guide!!

The purpose of the California CDL study guide is to help you gain enough knowledge you need, and get you a good preparation before taking the driver’s examination and obtaining a California driver’s license. Check it out!

CA CDL study guide, California CDL study guide

In California, you might be hired to run a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) carrying cargo within state lines. And obtaining a California CDL is required if you want to apply for this type of job. So, this California CDL study guide is made for you.

The class of legal driver’s licenses depends specifically upon the type of vehicle you intend to operate. 

The purpose of the California CDL study guide is to help you gain enough knowledge you need, and get you a good preparation before taking the driver’s examination and obtaining a California driver’s license. 

Let’s make the CDL California Test be much easier to obtain by this detailed California CDL study guide and practice tests. If you are learning to drive, this definitely is for you!

 

1. Type of driver license in California

Non-commercial Driver’s Licenses (non-CDL)

A non-commercial driver’s license holder can drive private vehicles with a few exceptions.

Commercial Driver’s Licenses (also well known as CDL)

A commercial driver’s license (CDL) allows drivers to have the ability to drive commercial vehicles meaning vehicles for work purposes.

 

2. What is the CDL license?

2.1. Definition of CDL

CDL stands for Commercial Driver’s License. California requires commercial motor vehicles (CMV) drivers to hold a valid Commercial Driver’s License, well known as “CDL”. California defines a commercial vehicle as one that transports for hire either people or products.

Besides, CDL is required to run a kind of large, heavy, or placarded hazardous material vehicle in commerce. In addition, drivers in CA must have a CDL if their primary job is driving, whether or not they drive a commercial vehicle.

So if you want to apply for a job where you will need to drive a specific type of vehicle in California, it’s necessary to pass the CA CDL test in order to have a CDL depending on the vehicle you intend to run.

2.2. The differences between CDL classes?

To drive different types of vehicles, you should have the proper license to do so. It is classified into three types of license classes: CDL Class A, CDL Class B, and CDL Class C.

Type of licenseDescriptionVehicles you may drive
CLASS A
(holders are also permitted to drive commercial motor vehicles included in Class B and Class C with the proper endorsements)
Required to operate any legal combination of vehicles weighing over 26,000 pounds, with the towed vehicle is in excess of 10,000 pounds.Tanker vehicles, Truck and trailer combinations, Tractor-trailers buses and Tractor-trailers (or any trailer buses), Flatbeds, Double/Triple trailers, Livestock carries
CLASS B
(with the appropriate endorsement, a class B holder may also operate certain Class C vehicles)
Allows you to operate any single vehicle with a GVWR of more than 26,000 pounds or any towed vehicle is not in excess of 10,000 pounds GVWRAny single vehicle with 3 or more axles weighing more than 6,000 lbs; any bus except a trailer bus; any farm labor vehicle; any motorhome over 40 feet in length; any vehicle covered under Class C
CLASS CRequired for the operation of any vehicles that do not meet the criteria of Class A or B. It is also capable of transporting 10 or more passengers (including driver) or carrying hazardous materialsAny 3-axle vehicle weighing no more than 6,000 lbs; any 2-axle vehicle weighing more than 4,000 lbs when towing a trailer not exceeding 10,000 lbs; any motor home of 40 feet in length or less; any 5th wheel trailer under 10,000 lbs (e.g: HazMat Vehicles,
Tank Truck)

NOTE:
Drivers must be at least 18 years old to drive within the same state. And the age of 21 or older is required for drivers to operate a Commercial Motor Vehicle on an interstate (traveling between two or more states) or transport hazardous materials. This applies to ALL classes.

2.3. Endorsements

To drive specific vehicles and transport specific cargo, endorsements are required.

H – Hazardous materials (also known as HAZMAT)

N – Tank vehicles (also known as TV)

P – Passenger vehicle (also known as PV)

S – School bus and Passenger Transport (P)

T – Double or triple trailers

X – Combination of Tanker and hazardous materials (H, N)

F – Firefighter endorsement (employee or volunteer)

Note: Any Class C vehicle with 1 or more of 3 endorsements: HazMat, PV, TV

CA CDL study guide, California CDL study guide

2.4. What are the steps required to pass a CA CDL test in 2021.

An indispensable part of a study guide is the steps required. California CDL study guide is not an exception. Below is how to to obtain a CA CDL steps by steps:

Take the CDL practice test California

It is obvious that in order to have perfect preparation, a good California CDL study guide along with practice tests will always be helpful before the real CDL California test.

Thanks to this California CDL study guide, you are able to prepare carefully and be so confident before you actually take the CA CDL test to become a CDL holder.

Get a commercial learner’s permit (CLP)

If you have never had a CDL or you want to make an endorsement or classification that requires a skills test, you first need to get a CLP and hold it for at least 14 days. 

Below is how you apply and what need to notice for a CLP:

  • Obtain a standard California noncommercial Class C driver’s license (DL) if you don’t have one (a temporary DL is acceptable)
  • Complete an online CDL Application
  • Visit a DMV office, where you will complete such procedures as having your thumbprint scanned, passing a vision exam, having your photo taken, passing the knowledge test(s),…

Note:

  • If you don’t meet all the requirements to get a CDL within a year from applying day, you must be reapplied cause the application will be invalid
  • The CLP is valid for a maximum of 180 days right from the date issued and it can be renewed for another 180 days if it’s no more than 12 months since the application date
  • A CLP is limited to 3 endorsements: School bus (S) Passenger (P), Passenger (P).
  • If you have an N endorsement, the tanks must be empty while being driven. If you have a P or S endorsement, you cannot run a CMV with passengers

Apply for a HazMat Endorsement (if you are applying for or renewing a CDL with an H Endorsement) 

CA CDL study guide, California CDL study guide

Skills Test

The final step in passing the whole CA CDL Test is to take a driving skills test, which includes a vehicle inspection, basic control skills test and all other testings will be postponed. You have 3 tries to pass the Skills Test or you will have to pay a retest fee for each time retaking.

If you pass the skills test, a CDL from CA will be issued to you.

 

3. Knowledge and skills test required to get a CA CDL license

So what knowledge are you gonna face in the way of achieving a CA CDL license? The next part of this California CDL study guide would give you the answer.

To receive this license, applicants must pass a knowledge test, CDL practice test California would be very helpful. Each question has three answer choices. To pass, applicants must answer 80% of the total questions correctly. 

Questions come from chapters covering: Introduction, Driving Safely, Transporting Cargo Safely, Air Brakes (if applicable), Combination Vehicles, Pre-Trip Vehicle Inspection Test, Basic Vehicle Control Skills Test, and On-Road Driving. Endorsements that may be used with a Class A CDL are Hazardous materials, Tank, Passenger, Doubles/Triples, HazMat and Tank, Air Brakes, and School bus.

In order to pass the CA CDL skills test, applicants must successfully perform all the required skills. The skills test must be taken in the vehicle that is present for the type of vehicle that the candidate operates.

3.1. Skills test waiver program

If you have a valid CDL from another state that is currently valid or has expired no more than 2 years, you can be waived for this skills test. 

Besides, the military CDL Test waiver is for military members who are currently licensed or have been employed within the last 1 year (12 months) in a military position.

The license must have equal classification, endorsements, and restrictions to the one you are applying for in California

CDL knowledge written test(s) may be waived for certain military occupations through the Even Exchange program.

CA CDL study guide, California CDL study guide

Note: These programs don’t waive school bus endorsement requirements

3.2. The medical requirement for achieving a California commercial driver’s license.

Self Certification

All CA CDL holders must proclaim to their State Driver Licensing Agency (SDLA) that they only operate commercially in 1 of 4 categories as below with their CDL. This process is called self-certification.

  • Interstate non-excepted: You must meet the Federal DOT medical card requirements
  • Interstate excepted: You don’t have to meet the Federal DOT medical card requirements
  • Intrastate non-excepted: You are required to meet the medical requirements for the state of California
  • Intrastate excepted: You don’t have to meet the medical requirements for the state of California

Hearing Test

  • Be able to perceive a forced whispered voice in the better ear at not less than 5 feet apart with or without the use of a hearing aid
  • Tested by use of an audiometric device: must do not have an average hearing loss in the better ear no less than than 40 decibels at 500Hz, 1000HZ and 2,000 Hz with or without a hearing aid

Vision Test

  • Vision in both eyes and each eye individually must be 20/40, with such permitted visual improvement devices as glasses or contacts
  • Ability to classify colors of traffic signals is necessary

Blood pressure Requirement

  • Needs to be no higher than 140/90. 
  • Using prescription medication to achieve this threshold is permitted

CA CDL study guide, California CDL study guide

Urinalysis Testing 

  • Your urine sample might indicate hidden health problems after being tested in a lab for blood, sugar, and protein (insulin injection is not permitted)
  • Blood sugar might not be higher than 200

Physical disabilities (or known as physical impairments)

  • Definition and requirements

Drivers with physical impairments, which affect their ability to safely drive vehicles, must obtain a variance from the state of CA in order to be approved to operate commercially. The variance document needs to be carried whenever they are driving a commercial motor vehicle.

  • SPE program (stands for the Skill Performance Evaluation)

A Skill Performance Evaluation (SPE) is a special type of variance required for drivers with impaired or missing limbs (hands or finger, an arm, foot or leg) driving in interstate commerce. 

SPE certification allows drivers with missing or impaired limbs to drive legally if they have been fitted with (or wearing) the right support device. The SPE certification must be carried at all times.

Alcohol Testing

CDL holders are considered to have consented to requirement tests by the state of CA or any state jurisdiction enforcement of being under the influence of a controlled substance or using alcohol or being under the influence of alcohol, having any measured alcohol concentration while on duty, or operating a commercial motor vehicle.

Prescription medication

Though a CDL holder has a legal prescription, he/she might be disqualified if the medication could adversely affect the driver’s ability to drive.

 

4. Who doesn’t obtain the CDL license in Pennsylvania?

Military vehicle operators

CA exempts people who run vehicles for military purposes from the requirement for CDL holders. This contains active military, reserves, and members of the National Guard.

Farm equipment operators

Including actual farm-to-market operations, not commercial grain haulers. Drivers must be at least at the age of 21 and vehicles must have farm plates.

Recreation Vehicle operators

Those who run recreational vehicles (RV’s) for their own purposes non-commercial use can be exempted from CDL requirements.

CA Township or government workers

Many states will have specific CDL exemptions applying to workers in smaller towns or to state and local government employees in general. You will have to check with your own state regulations.

 

5. How to get a class CDL license in California?

 CDL Knowledge TestCDL Road Skills Test
Class Aconsists of 50 questions
After passing the required knowledge test(s), you need to take a skills test with the type of vehicle you plan to drive. The skills test contains a pre-trip inspection, off-the-road maneuver and vehicle parking exercise.
Skill testing will be taken no more than 15 days after the knowledge testing is passed and a permit is issued.
Class B
50 questions and 20 additional questions for passenger, double/triples and tank endorsements. Besides, candidates can expect 30 questions in addition to earn the HAZMAT endorsement.
Class C

It’s such a huge amount of knowledge that without the California CDL study guide, we cannot have good preparation. 

 

6. How much does the California CDL license cost?

EndorsementFees
an original (with or without a driving test)$70 (for Class A or B)
$41 (for Class C)
a renewal$41
a duplicate (replacement) license$31
a commercial driving or skills retest$30
a name change$27
add a passenger transport endorsement (PV)$70 (only for Class A or B)
add an endorsement other than PV or not requiring a driving test$41
add a noncommercial Class A to a Class B$41
add a firefighter endorsement$27

 

7. Things you don’t need!

Don’t need a truck driving school

You may ask yourself whether you can skip the whole driving school deal. Of course, you can, you can study and practice with the help of this California CDL study guide and then complete your CDL California test without any driving school.

Self-studying is definitely much more money-saving. Moreover, there are many such helpful tools that will help you a lot to improve your knowledge as well as skills as information websites or our driver license guide.

Don’t need to pay for your state’s CDL manual

California’s CDL manual is totally free and you can get it easily online on many official, reliable websites. Our California CDL study guide is also a very useful resource with a detailed guide and helpful information along with our FREE CDL practice test for California, which is extremely reliable because of triple-check by our brightest mind before publishing for you. Besides, our questions are based on the official CDL manual.

So, it’s definitely helpful for you!

Don’t need to pay for the CDL practice test California

If you want to pass your test for the first time, you certainly need to practice a lot. CDL practice test California is the total number of questions that might be included in the real CDL California test.

And you can easily find reliable FREE CDL PRACTICE TEST CALIFORNIA online on our website for driving tests without any payment.

 

Now, taking the CA CDL Test definitely can be much easier with our California CDL study guide and the 2021 latest CDL prep test California!

If you want to find more comprehensive support, don’t mind contacting us via abc.elearningapps@gmail.com. We are pleased to help you!

 

Pennsylvania CDL study guide!!

The purpose of this Pennsylvania CDL study guide is to help you gain enough knowledge you need, and get you good preparation before taking the driver’s examination and obtaining a Pennsylvania driver’s license.  Let’s make Pennsylvania CDL be much easier to obtain by our best  Pennsylvania CDL study guide and our PA CDL practice tests just for you!

pa cdl practice tests

In Pennsylvania, the class of legal driver’s licenses depends specifically upon the type of vehicle you want to run. In another word, most people applying for a Pennsylvania driver’s license will be drivers of such regular passenger vehicles like trucks or vans.

The purpose of this Pennsylvania CDL study guide is to help you gain enough knowledge you need, and get you good preparation before taking the driver’s examination and obtaining a Pennsylvania driver’s license. 

Let’s make Pennsylvania CDL be much easier to obtain by our best  Pennsylvania CDL study guide and our PA CDL practice tests just for you!

 

Type of driver license in Pennsylvania

Non-commercial Driver’s Licenses (non-CDL)

A non-commercial driver’s license allows their holders to be able to drive private vehicles with a few exceptions.

Commercial Driver’s Licenses (also well known as CDL)

Commercial driver’s license (CDL) holders will have the ability to drive commercial vehicles meaning vehicles for work purposes.

 

What is the CDL license?

2.1 Definition of CDL

CDL stands for Commercial Driver’s License. As mentioned above, in order to drive a commercial vehicle in the United States, the driver must have a valid Commercial Driver’s License, or “CDL”.

It is required to run a large, heavy, or placarded hazardous material vehicle in commerce. If you are applying for a job where you will need to drive a specific type of vehicle, it’s vital to have a CDL depending on the vehicle you intend to run.

2.2 The differences between CDL classes?

To drive a specific type of vehicle, you should have the right license to do so. There are 3 types of license classes: CDL Class A, CDL Class B, and CDL Class C.

Type of LicenseDescription Vehicles you may drive
CLASS A
minimum age 18
Required to operate any combination of vehicles having a gross combination weight rating (GVWR) no more than 26,000 pounds, with the towed vehicle no heavier than 10,000 pounds.Tanker vehicles, Truck and trailer combinations, Tractor-trailers (also known as Semi, Big Rig or 18-wheeler), Flatbeds, Livestock carries
CLASS B
minimum age 18
Allows you to operate any single vehicle with a GVWR of more than 26,000 pounds or any towed vehicle is in excess of 10,000 pounds GVWRDump trucks with small trailers, Box trucks (delivery/furniture trucks), Dump trucks with small trailers, Large buses (city/tourist/school buses), Segmented buses, Straight truck
CLASS C
minimum age 18
Required to operate any vehicles that do not meet the definition of Class A or B, or capable of transporting 16 or more peopleDouble/Triple Trailers, Buses, HazMat Vehicles,
Tank Trucks.

NOTE:
The age of 21 or older is required to operate a Commercial Motor Vehicle on an interstate (traveling between two or more states). This applies to ALL classes.

2.3 Endorsements

CDL endorsements specify what types of commercial motor vehicles the license holder can run. This includes the type of material being transported the size of the vehicle.

H – Authorizes the driver to run a vehicle transporting hazardous materials requiring placarding (HAZMAT)

N – Authorizes driving tank vehicles

P – Authorizes the driver to operate a passenger vehicle

S – Authorizes driving school buses (school bus endorsement card is issued annually)

T – Authorizes a Class A driver to pull double or triple trailers

X – Represents a combination of hazardous materials and tank vehicle endorsements (H, N)

Pennsylvania CDL study guide

 

2.4  What are the steps required to get a CDL license in 2021?

Meeting all of the following requirements based on the Pennsylvania CDL study guide is the very first step to obtain a CDL:

Take the PA CDL practice tests

It is obvious that every test needs preparation and practice will always optimize that preparation. And the PA CDL practice tests definitely will give you perfect preparation before you actually take the CDL test and become a CDL holder.

Written Test

It is required to pass a written knowledge test. Based on the PennDOT CDL driver’s manual, the test shows how much the candidates know about commercial driving laws.

Pennsylvania CDL study guide

 

Get PA CDL Permit

Once you pass your written test, you will achieve a commercial learner’s permit (CLP). This allows you to practice your driving skills on public roads with one of the CDL instructors. The CDL permit is valid for up to 180 days.

Take the CDL endorsement test if applicable 

To operate a specific type of commercial motor vehicle, an endorsement is essential for you. If you are waiting to earn CDL for a specific type of vehicle, you will need to pass the written CDL endorsement test with specific requirements for this type of vehicle. 

Skills Test

The final step in obtaining your CDL is to take a driving skills test. You are evaluated on your ability to handle a commercial truck in the following areas:

  • Vehicle Inspection
  • Basic Handling Skills
  • On-the-road Driving Test

If you pass the skills test, a CDL from PA will be issued to you.

 

Knowledge and skills test required to get a PA CDL license

In the next part, this Pennsylvania CDL study guide would provide you necessary knowledge about CDL tests.

Each basic knowledge test contains at least 30 questions. To pass the knowledge tests (both general and endorsement), candidates must be correct in answering at least 80% of the total questions.

To pass the PA CDL skills test, it is obvious that candidates must successfully complete all the required skills. The skills test must be taken in the vehicle representing the type of vehicle that the applicant operates.

3.1 Military skill test waiver program

The program allows drivers having two years of experience safely operating heavy military vehicles to earn a CDL without taking the driving test (skills test). The program is available in every single state.

The Military CDL test waiver exempts service members who are or were employed in a military position within the last 1 year (12 months) from taking the driving portion of their CDL skills test. On the other hand, CDL written test(s) cannot be waived.

3.2 The medical requirement for achieving a Pennsylvania commercial driver’s license.

 

Pennsylvania CDL study guide

 

Self Certification

All PA CDL holders must proclaim to their State Driver Licensing Agency (SDLA) that they only operate commercially in 1 of 4 categories as below with their CDL

  • Interstate non-excepted: You must meet the Federal DOT medical card requirements
  • Interstate excepted: You don’t have to meet the Federal DOT medical card requirements
  • Intrastate non-excepted: You are required to meet the medical requirements for the state of Pennsylvania
  • Intrastate excepted: You don’t have to meet the medical requirements for the state of Pennsylvania

Hearing Test

  • Have the ability to perceive a forced whispered voice in the better ear at not less than 5 feet apart with or without the use of a hearing aid
  • Tested by use of an audiometric device: must do not have an average hearing loss in the better ear greater than 40 decibels at 500Hz, 1000HZ, and 2,000 Hz with or without a hearing aid

Vision Test

  • Vision in both eyes and each eye individually needs to be 20/40, with such allowed visual improvement devices as glasses or contacts
  • Ability to distinguish colors is necessary

Blood pressure Requirement

  • Needs to be under 140/90. 
  • Using prescription medication to achieve this threshold is allowable

Urinalysis Testing 

  • Your urine sample might reveal hidden health problems after being tested in a lab for blood, sugar, and protein (insulin injection is not permitted)
  • Blood sugar may not be higher than 200

Physical disabilities (or known as physical impairments)

  • Definition and requirements

Drivers with physical impairments, which will affect their ability to safely operate vehicles, must earn a variance from the state of PA in order to be approved to drive commercially. Drivers must carry the variance document whenever they are running a commercial motor vehicle.

  • SPE program (stands for the Skill Performance Evaluation)

A Skill Performance Evaluation (SPE) is a special type of variance required for drivers with impaired or missing limbs (hands or finger, an arm, foot, or leg). SPE certification allows drivers with missing or impaired limbs to drive legally. The SPE certification must be carried at all times.

Alcohol Testing

CDL holders are considered to have consented to requirement tests by the state of PA or jurisdiction enforcement of being under the influence of a controlled substance as well as using alcohol or being under the influence of alcohol, having any measured alcohol concentration while on duty, or operating vehicles.

Prescription medication

No use of a Schedule 1 drug, narcotic, amphetamine, or any habit-forming drug is permitted.

Pennsylvania CDL study guide

 

Who doesn’t obtain the CDL license in Pennsylvania?

Military vehicle operators

PA exempts individuals who run vehicles for military purposes from the requirement for CDL holders. This contains active military, reserves, and members of the National Guard.

Farm equipment operators

Including actual farm-to-market operations, not commercial grain haulers. Drivers must be at the age of 21 or more and vehicles must have farm plates.

Firefighter

Including those who operate fire trucks, foam or water transport trucks, police SWAT team vehicles, ambulances, and any other emergency vehicles.

Recreation Vehicle operators

Those who operate recreational vehicles for their own purposes that are non-commercial use can be exempted from CDL requirements.

PA Township or government workers

Many states will have their different CDL exemptions applying to workers in smaller towns or to state and local government employees in general. You will have to check with your own state regulations.

 

How to get a class CDL license in Pennsylvania?

Our Pennsylvania CDL study guide would give you detailed requirements for each class of a PA CDL.

 CDL Knowledge TestCDL Road Skills Test
Class Aconsists of 70 questionsAfter passing the required knowledge test(s), you need to take a skills test with the type of vehicle you plan to drive. The skills test contains a pre-trip inspection, off-the-road maneuver and vehicle parking exercise.
Skill testing will be taken no more than 15 days after the knowledge testing is passed and a permit is issued.
Class B50 questions and 20 additional questions for passenger, double/triples and tank endorsements. Besides, candidates can expect 30 questions in addition to earn the HAZMAT endorsement.
Class C

It’s such a huge amount of knowledge that without our Pennsylvania CDL study guide and PA CDL practice tests, you cannot have good preparation.

 

How much does the Pennsylvania CDL license cost?

An indispensable part of Pennsylvania CDL study guide fees needed for a CDL. Below is the fee ranked from top to bottom:

EndorsementsFees
CDL with HAZMAT endorsement $110.50
CDL$94.50
CDL for drivers 65 years old and older with HAZMAT endorsement (valid 2 years)$68
CDL for drivers 65 years old and older (valid 2 years)$52
HAZMAT endorsement$30.50
Revised (for change of address, etc.) or replacement CDL $29.50
Upgrading commercial class or adding endorsement$14.50
Removing restrictions$14.50
Duplicate camera card$5

 

Things you don’t need!

Don’t need a truck driving school

You may be wondering whether you can skip the whole driving school deal. The answer is yes, you could study, revise and practice with the help of our Pennsylvania CDL study guide along with PA CDL practice tests and then perform for your CDL test without any single school.

Self-studying is obviously much more budget-saving. Moreover, there are many such useful tools that definitely help you a lot to improve your both knowledge and skills as information websites or our driver’s license guide.

Don’t need to pay for your state’s CDL manual

PA’s CDL manual is totally free and you can get it easily online on many official, reliable websites. 

And we have to say, our FREE PA CDL practice tests, whose questions are based on the official CDL manual that has been checked carefully by our brightest minds before publishing, would be very useful for you!

Don’t need to pay for the Pennsylvania CDL practice tests

If you want to pass your test the right first time, you definitely need to practice a lot. Our PA CDL practice test is a set of thousands of questions that may be included in the real CDL test in Pennsylvania. And you can easily find reliable FREE PA CDL practice tests online on our website for driving tests without any payment.

Now, taking the Pennsylvania CDL Test definitely can be much easier with one of the most detailed Pennsylvania CDL study guide and the 2021 latest PA CDL practice tests along with the above driver license guide! Take our CDL prep tests for other states here!

If you want to find more comprehensive support, please contact us via abc.elearningapps@gmail.com or support@cdl-prep.com